According to the revenue recognition principle, the company cannot recognize that revenue until it meets this performance obligation or in other words provides the service. Therefore, the company has a liability to the customer to provide the service and must record the liability as unearned revenue. The liability of $4,000 worth of services increases because the company has more unearned revenue than previously. Notice that all of the equations’ assets and liabilities remain the same—only the ownership accounts are changed. Cash includes paper currency as well as coins, checks, bank
accounts, and money orders.

Its applications in accountancy and economics are thus diverse. So in order to balance the equation, one asset must increase (Car) and other must decrease (Bank). It will guide you in understanding related accounting principles and provides a foundation that will help you solve many accounting problems.

What Is the Expanded Accounting Equation?

Here is the expanded accounting equation for a sole proprietorship. The Financial Accounting Standards Board had a policy that
allowed companies to reduce their tax liability from share-based
compensation deductions. This led companies to create what some
call the “contentious debit,” to defer tax liability and increase
tax expense in a current period.

When using the Expanded Accounting Equation, include all elements of the owner’s equity or stockholder’s equity, including gains, losses, and other accumulated comprehensive income, if applicable. All users of accounting information can benefit from the long accounting equation as it offers greater visibility of the various elements of stockholder equity. It’s the same as the basic accounting equation, except that it divides equity into different components. Assets represent the valuable resources controlled by a company, while liabilities represent its obligations. Both liabilities and shareholders’ equity represent how the assets of a company are financed. If it’s financed through debt, it’ll show as a liability, but if it’s financed through issuing equity shares to investors, it’ll show in shareholders’ equity.

What Is Shareholders’ Equity in the Accounting Equation?

Since the business has not yet provided the product or service, it cannot recognise the customer’s payment as revenue, according to the revenue recognition principle. The business owing the product or service creates the liability to the customer. Essentially, anything a business owes and has yet to pay within a period is considered a liability, such as salaries, utilities, and taxes. This results in the movement of at least two accounts in the accounting equation. The amount of change in the left side is always equal to the amount of change in the right side, thus, keeping the accounting equation in balance.

Example 6: Pay back a loan

Additional numbers starting with six and
continuing might be used in large merchandising and manufacturing
companies. The information in the chart of accounts is the
foundation of a well-organized accounting system. In general, the major benefit of utilizing the expanded version of the accounting equation is the additional clarity on the equity portion of the balance sheet over time. Shareholders’ equity is the total value of the company expressed in dollars. Put another way, it is the amount that would remain if the company liquidated all of its assets and paid off all of its debts.

Expanded Accounting Equation with Income & Expense Example

The expanded accounting equation can allow analysts to better look into the company’s break-down of shareholder’s equity. The revenues and expenses show the change in net income from period to period. Stockholder transactions can be seen through contributed capital and dividends. Although these numbers are basic, they are still useful for executives and analysts to get a general understanding of their business. Utility payments are generated from bills for services that were used and paid for within the accounting period, thus recognized as an expense.

What Is a Real-World Example of the Accounting Equation?

The decrease to assets, specifically cash, affects the balance sheet and statement of cash flows. The decrease to equity as a result of the expense affects three statements. The income statement would see a change to expenses, changing net income (loss).

Harold Averkamp (CPA, MBA) has worked as a university accounting instructor, accountant, and consultant for more than 25 years. He is the sole author of all the materials on We now offer 10 Certificates of Achievement for Introductory Accounting and Bookkeeping. Additionally, those offering loans to a company will want to see where the firm’s company is being allocated and how it is managing its funds over time.