post-closing trial balance definition

The post-closing trial balance also closes dividends accounts, thus, impacting the retained earnings. The trial balance is usually prepared by a bookkeeper or accountant who has used daybooks to record financial transactions and then post them to the nominal ledgers and personal ledger accounts. The trial balance is a part of the double-entry bookkeeping system and uses the classic ‘T’ account format for presenting values.

Much of our research comes from leading organizations in the climate space, such as Project Drawdown and the International Energy Agency (IEA). Carbon Collective partners with financial and climate experts to ensure the accuracy of our content. Assets are resources that the company owns and can use to generate future economic benefits, such as cash, inventory, and property. Likewise, you would commit errors of principle if you record the purchase of machinery in your purchases book.

What is the purpose of a post-closing trial balance?

Companies prepare it after making adjustment entries in the general ledger accounts. Similarly, companies adjust that trial balance with closing entries. A trial balance is a list of all the general ledger accounts (both revenue and capital) contained in the ledger of a business. This list will contain the name of each nominal ledger account and the value of that nominal ledger balance. Each nominal ledger account will hold either a debit balance or a credit balance. The debit balance values will be listed in the debit column of the trial balance and the credit value balance will be listed in the credit column.

post-closing trial balance definition

The trading profit and loss statement and balance sheet and other financial reports can then be produced using the ledger accounts listed on the same balance. It is created before recording complete journal entries by using a ledger. A trial balance is a financial statement that lists all the balances of a company’s general ledger accounts at a particular time. It ensures that the total debits in the general ledger equal the total credits in the general ledger, as the double-entry accounting system requires. The trial balance serves as a preliminary step in the accounting cycle and is used to detect errors in the recording process. Another thing to observe is that as expected we do not see any temporary account balances in the post-closing trial balance.

Post-closing trial balance definition

The following are the main classes of errors that are not detected by the trial balance. When a transaction to be recorded in the books of account is partially omitted and due to which trial balance does not get tallied, it is known as error of partial omission. Typically, you prepare the trial balance sheet at the end of the financial year. However, you can choose to prepare a trial balance at the end of a month, quarter, half-year, or a year. The table below is a post-closing trial balance example showing a worked-out process that post-closing trial balance accounts should look like.

It also provides a final check on the figures that will end up on those statements. However, the trial balance may come in several forms, including adjusted and post-closing trial balances. It is used to indicate the account balances at the beginning of a financial period, after accounting for any entry made after the closing date of the previous year’s books. The post-closing trial balance is the last step in the accounting cycle to ensure that all accounts are in balance and ready for the next accounting cycle. It is an accounting department document that will not be distributed. Like other trial balances, the post-closing trial balance doesn’t list the accounts with zero balances.

What Does a Trial Balance Include?

Usually, companies prepare the post-closing trial balance after adjusting general ledger accounts. With that version of the trial balance, companies can record post-closing entries for the accounting period. A post-closing trial balance is created at the end of a reporting period. It is a list of all the balance sheet accounts that do not have a zero balance.